Évènement : Évènement à Longueil-Sainte-Marie en 1359
Identifiant : HISCOD_16266
Date :

Année : 1359

Mois : -

Jour : -

Jour de la semaine : -

Localisation :

Lieu historique : Longueil-Sainte-Marie

Lieu : Longueil-Sainte-Marie

Code commune : 60369

Latitude : 49.3571807104889

Longitude : 2.71785400827944

Unités administratives historiques :

Entité politique : -

Entité administrative : -

Sous-entité administrative : -

Unités administratives :

Pays : France

Entité administrative : Hauts-de-France

Sous-entité administrative : Oise

Caractéristiques :

Typologie HiSCoD : Conflit politique

Typologie originale : Peasant revolt against state
Anti-foreign / Outside rule

Nombre de participants : IndéterminéParticipation féminine : Indéterminé

Présentation du contenu

Description (langue originale) : -

Description (anglais) : ‘In 1359 at Longueil-Sainte-Marie, near Compiègne, the peasants took a stand. Under the command of a peasant named Guillaume l'Aloue, they assembled around three hundred peasants from various places in the Beauvaisis (paisans de Beauvoisin), occupied and fortified a farmhouse, and waged war in self-defense against the English cavalry stationed at Creel and other fortresses, who rode out against them. With six hundred soldiers under the command of Jehan Fonicque, the English besieged the farmhouse, climbed over its walls, ‘‘and thought only of killing them all, there being no point in taking any of them for ransom’’. Guillaume rallied the peasants, crying out that ‘‘it was better to die defending themselves in hand-to-hand combat against the enemy than to be burnt alive with their women and children in this farmhouse’’. They ran out, charging the English, and defeated them, killing at least 120, twenty-four of whom were knights. The victorious peasants suffered only two casualties; one was their leader, Guillaume.’ (p. 37). Course of action: Armed conflict. Repression: Success.


Sources primaires : -

Bibliographie : Cohn, Samuel K. (2006). Lust for Liberty: The Politics of Social Revolt in Medieval Europe, 1200-1425. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, p. 376 [p. 37].


Auteur(s) : Samuel Cohn

Contributeur(s) : Cédric Chambru, Paul Maneuvrier-Hervieu

Date de création : 2021-05-19

Date d'édition : 2022-04-19